Water purification begins at the physical level, with larger particles and blockages that affect the water you treat. Pumping and treatment are an example of physical treatment methods where contaminated groundwater is pumped towards the surface and then treated using a combination of chemical and biological processes. It is a more economical and traditional approach historically used to reduce impurity levels in the water.
Air sparging is also a physical treatment method used, which involves using pressurized air to clean contaminated water.
ORGANIC (BIOLOGICAL) METHOD
Bioventilation, bioaugmentation, or biosparging is an example of a biological treatment that biodegrades contaminants in groundwater. In the organic method, biological materials help break down unwanted compounds that are not easily separated from water and clean the water. One advantage of using this method is that it is not necessary to pump the groundwater to treat it physically.
In-situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) is an example of an adaptable chemical treatment that removes a wide range of contaminants from the groundwater. This is the most expensive type of water purification, and it can also take longer. Throughout the ISCO process, various chemical oxidants like ozone, oxygen, and other liquid chemicals are mixed or injected into the groundwater to remove numerous contaminants from the water.
This method is often used in conjunction with physical water treatment to get the best results and can help get the cleanest groundwater after the processing.
OZONE AND UV LIGHT METHOD
Ozone or UV light is another of the different treatment methods. Contact to these substances helps to purify the contaminated water and also kills all unwanted microorganisms. These organisms are then filtered, and lastly, the water that remains is much purer and healthier than before.
These kinds of methods prove that treating contaminated water is much more than putting water under pressure through a filter. Hence, microorganisms are among the hardest things to deal with, but the use of UV light and ozone helps to avoid more harsh chemicals in your water cleanup treatment.
Overall, various treatment approaches are available in the market to treat a range of problems that can arise in groundwater. But which treatment, be it biological, chemical, physical or UV, and ozone will be useful depending on site conditions, types of contaminants and concentrations present in groundwater.
Therefore, groundwater treatment technologies are relevant to a wide range of industries, and the better you understand them, the more likely you are to find the best water treatment system for your needs. If you need to treat contaminated groundwater, you can use our professional Environmental Remediation Services. Enviromarc's remediation professionals use cutting-edge tools and technologies to offer on-site solutions to businesses.
In addition, Enviromarc has excellent experience in delivering successful remediation projects around the world.
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